On Wednesday 16th November 2016, GIS day will be globally celebrated under the theme of “GIS for sustainable development”. Institutions of higher education, researchers, Non-profits, national and county governments will showcase how they are leveraging GIS and other geospatial technologies to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Geospatial and earth observation data are essential in the understanding of the geographical locations or contexts in which SDGs will be implemented.
The major global problems (resource degradation, conflicts, exponential population growth, disease outbreaks, climate change, hunger etc.) occur in geographic locations. GIS helps to identify and monitor these phenomena in the locations they occur.
According to Tim Trainor (Co-chair of the United Nations Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Management (UN-GGIM)), GIS helps to answer questions like: Where is disease occurring? How do we contain it? How many hectares of forest are there? Are we managing them sustainably? Where are people at risk of rising sea levels? How do we protect people living there?
GIS also helps in integrating various kinds of information such as environmental, social and economic information.